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Conflict & Compromise of the Warsaw Pact

Essay by   •  February 27, 2018  •  Research Paper  •  2,452 Words (10 Pages)  •  179 Views

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Conflict & Compromise of the Warsaw Pact

Joe Helenbrook

Research Paper

Junior Division

Word Count: 2026


Thesis

                 The Warsaw Pact [1]in the Cold War was created to have a Treaty among communist countries that were against NATO[2]. The Warsaw Pact gave Poland, Russia and East Germany ways to hold troops in each other’s countries which then they trained the troops with Soviet generals and commanders. Also, the tensions were made high in the Cold War when the Warsaw Pact was signed which in the Cold War then led to the Arms Race, Moon Race, and the building of the Berlin Wall.

Compromise of the Warsaw Pact and Influences

                 Nikita Khrushchev[3] was deviating from strict Marist Orthodoxy [4]so the Soviet Union turned to China for aid and trade. West and East Germany reunited and joined NATO[5].  NATO was to suppress Eastern Europe through Military Action. De-Stalinization [6]and Albania’s defection from the pact brought joint military excises, intensified training, and new equipment for the soldiers for the countries of the Pact. The Warsaw Pact was brought up by the Soviet Union. The Warsaw Pact was established by the Soviet Union wanting to control most of Eastern Europe so they created a treaty with all the countries in Eastern Europe. The members of the Warsaw Pact Soviet Union, Albania, Poland, Romania, Hungary, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, and Bulgaria as members. “All participants said that settling the Cuban crisis would open the way to resolutions of other emerging problems: a prohibition on nuclear testing, an agreement on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, an agreement between NATO and the Warsaw Pact members on a series of issues, and so on.”[7] The Warsaw Pact affected the Cuban Missile Crisis because many believed that that would be resolved and that they would have a way for the arms race to end. The Warsaw Pact was a defense treaty between the Soviet Union and the seven satellite states during the Cold War. Military complement the regional economic organization for the socialists’ states. Created in for motivation by Soviet desires to maintain control over military forces in central and Eastern Europe. “Over the years the military structure of the Warsaw Pact was adjusted to reflect the evolution of Soviet strategy and changes in military technology. During the first decade of the organization's existence, political control over the non-Soviet forces was its principal focus. Following Stalin's death, East European militaries were partly renationalized, including the replacement of Soviet officers in high positions with indigenous personnel, and a renewed emphasis on professional training. The Polish October of 1956, and the Hungarian revolt that same year, raised serious concerns in Moscow about the reliability of non-Soviet Warsaw Pact forces.” Also, “In the 1960s the lessons learned from de-Stalinization, as well as Albania's defection from the Warsaw Pact, brought about greater integration of the WTO through joint military exercises, intensified training, and the introduction of new Soviet equipment. The most significant reorganization of the WTO took place in 1969, including the addition of the Committee of Defense Ministers, the Military Council, the Military Scientific-Technical Council, and the Technical Committees. These and subsequent changes allowed increased participation from the East Europeans in decision making, and helped the Soviets better coordinate weapons research, development, and production with the East Europeans.” [8]Both statements are shown to have affected the signing the Warsaw Pact and what it was used for.

Compromise of NATO and affect towards the Warsaw Pact

Western Germany was beginning to be re-militarized which threatened Eastern Countries and so they created the Pact to have the countries defense come to each other and help in defense of the country.  The split of the Germany and the West going and joining NATO and being helped by the U.S was an influenced event. NATO was one of the biggest factors of the Warsaw Pact because it’s as Created to defend countries from communism and the communist countries felt that this threatened them. Also, that the US was creating the Pact with countries that were right next to the Soviet Union and other communist countries. NATO which had been brought to effect by the countries of Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States. The later members include Greece and Turkey (1952), Germany (1955), Spain (1982), the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland (1999), Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia (2004), Albania and Croatia (2009), and Montenegro (2017). “The USA is giving assurances that no invasion will be inflicted on Cuba, not only on the part of the United States but also on the part of their allies-- the other countries of the Western hemisphere. The Soviet Union for its part will remove from the Cuba the missile weaponry that the President of the USA has called offensive, and will not install such types of weaponry in Cuba again. Such is the basis of the agreement, and we are adhering to it because it is the only possible basis now for eliminating the tense situation that has been created. The agreement is the result of a compromise reached through mutual concessions, and it satisfied both parties[9].” This talks about how the Soviet Union will lift the blockade in the Caribbean Sea to relieve tension in Cuba.

Conflict of the Warsaw Pact and NATO

                The Warsaw Pact and NATO were never in a direct conflict but the Soviet Union and the U.S in Korea and Vietnam. The U.S used a Soviet-born man who was a Commander in the Soviet Union military to spy on the plans of the Soviet military[10].  The Soviet Union and the communist ways led to the help from the Middle East. Also, when Nikita Khrushchev started to sway from Marist Orthodoxy communist China helped the Soviets to regain power. Also, the Cuban missile crisis was affected by the Warsaw Pact and NATO because they both were trying to attract Cuba to Communism and Socialism. “At the same time, [MJ] indicates that soon he will come in person to the Socialist Republic Romania, so that together with the [Romanian] Minister of Armed Forces he can bring to the notice of the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party and of the President of the Council of Ministers the above-mentioned materials, along with the observations and proposals concerning these materials made by the Ministries of Armed Forces of the Polish People's Republic, the German Democratic Republic, the Bulgarian People's Republic, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, and the Hungarian People's Republic.”  [11]Marshall J. asks that the Romanian analyze the report of the meeting to enforce and make the changes that the council had talked about. Also, in February 1968 am meeting was held in Prague and a military council was discussed. “I am very glad to have this early opportunity of meeting you, Generalissimo Stalin, as I am aware how busy you are as Chairman of the Council Ministers. I wish to pay my respects and not to discuss any specific issues but would like to take the opportunity to tell you about the main lines of my general instructions. I start from two fundamental points. First is the statement which you, Generalissimo, have made several times, that it is possible for our two countries with their respective systems, to exist side by side; that there is room in the world for both to exist without injuring each other’s essential interest. [12] Stalin and Sir D. Kelly about if their countries can exist side by side because of their military strength. Also, Sir D. Kelly says that the aggression of Britain was not to threaten Stalin. They talk about how they both have common interests like the reconstruction of their countries.

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